Low Impact Development (LID)

Description: Low Impact Development (LID) is a more sustainable land development approach that begins with a site planning process that first identifies critical natural resource areas for preservation. Then, once the building envelope is established, LID techniques, such as maintaining natural drainage flow paths, minimizing land clearance, clustering buildings, and reducing impervious surfaces are incorporated into the project design. A series of small stormwater best management practices (BMPs) that preserve the natural features and hydrology of the land are used instead of the conventional methods of collecting, conveying, and piping away runoff. This module of the Smart Growth / Smart Energy Toolkit provides an introduction to LID techniques, bylaw examples, case studies and a slideshow.

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Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs

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