Creative Community Design and Wastewater Management

Description: This manual demonstrates how advanced decentralized wastewater treatment systems can be used to support more compact land use patterns that would otherwise be infeasible with conventional wastewater treatment systems. Properly managed alternative and cluster systems enable communities to remediate failing or substandard systems, revitalize traditional development, and direct investment to new growth centers. Perhaps most importantly, these approaches offer a practical alternative to conventional sewers, which enables communities to avoid the three most commonly associated pitfalls: high cost of sewers, loss of control over land use with intensified development pressures, and associated environmental impacts of urbanization, including dramatic increases in stormwater runoff and loss of groundwater recharge. Written for planners and local officials, this guide is designed to show how decentralized technologies can be powerful tools in directing sustainable community development while protecting local water resources.

This manual builds on the South County Design Manual, a handbook on applying conservation development techniques to southern New England landscapes.Here the authors carry the design process a step further to illustrate realistic decentralized wastewater treatment options that can be used to accommodate future growth scenarios. For each design alternative, practical wastewater treatment options using a range of technologies have been identified and illustrated. Supporting technical information on decentralized wastewater treatment options is included, along with numerous case studies illustrating practical use of alternative systems to achieve the goals of better land use design, sustainable development, and improved water resource protection.

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Source: University of Rhode Island Cooperative Extension
Date: 2004
Format: PDF Report

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